Tetradrachm of Athena

Fifth Century BC

Silver

This coin was issued by the city of Athens with the head of the eponymous, armed goddess Athena on the obverse. On the reverse, an owl, symbol of the goddess, faces the viewer. The political fragmentation of the Greek world had an impact on coining with the spread of countless active mints through the Mediterranean colonies and Greece itself. Each city state made their own coins with symbols on the obverse and reverse referencing Gods or eponymous heroes.